15 Do’s and Don’ts of First Aid From FM 21-75

15 Do’s and Don’ts of First Aid From FM 21-75

Andrew’s Note:  These First Aid suggestions from U.S. Army Field Manual (FM) 21-75 were written for military medicine which focuses on stabilizing the casualty and speeding the casualty to medical professionals in the rear.  It’ suggestions likely hold true for times for civilian emergencies where medical care can be reached in a reasonable amount of time.

When giving first aid to a casualty, remember the following:

DO act promptly but calmly.

DO reassure the casualty and gently examine him to determine the needed first aid.

DO give lifesaving measures as required.

DON’T position a soldier on his back if he is unconscious or has a wound on his face or neck.

DON’T remove clothing from an injured soldier by pulling or tearing it off.

DON’T touch or try to clean dirty wounds, including burns.

FM 21-75 Combat Skills of the SoldierDON’T remove dressings and bandages once they have been put on a wound.

DON’T loosen a tourniquet once it has been applied.

DON’T move a casualty who has a fracture until it has been properly splinted, unless it is absolutely necessary.

DON’T give fluids by mouth to a casualty who is unconscious, nauseated, or vomiting, or who has an abdominal or neck wound.

DON’T permit the head of a casualty with a head injury to be lower than his body.

DON’T try to push protruding intestines or brain tissue back into a wound.

DON’T put any medication on a burn.

DON’T administer first-aid measures which are unnecessary or beyond your ability.

DON’T fail to replace items used from the first-aid case.

Source: FM 21-75 Combat Skills of the Soldier 3 August 1984, U.S. Army, Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited

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