Endless Sun Solar

Category: Military Pedagogy

Wisdom & Knowledge taken directly from a military manual (with unrestricted release approved).


Practice Noise, Light, and Litter Discipline – The Army Way

A Prepper should know how to move through dangerous territory without being noticed or leaving evidence of your presence behind.  The Army does this pretty well when it wants to…but we leave a mess when we don’t.  Something else the Army does will is breaking down complex procedures into digestible tasks so let’s not reinvent the wheel and learn from our men and women in uniform.  Here’s Practice Noise, Light and Litter Discipline – The Army Way.  Links have been added to facilitate further reading or research. Task Number: 071-COM-0815 Task Title: Practice Noise, Light, and Litter Discipline Task Type: Individual Proponent: Task Data Conditions: You are member of a mounted or dismounted element conducting a tactical mission and have been directed to comply with noise, light and litter discipline. Enemy elements are in your area of operation. Standards: Prevent enemy from locating your element by exercising noise, light, and litter discipline at all times. Safety Notes: In a training environment, leaders must perform a risk assessment in accordance with FM 5-19, Composite Risk Management. Leaders will complete a DA Form 7566 COMPOSITE RISK MANAGEMENT WORKSHEET during the planning and completion of each task and sub-task by assessing mission, enemy, terrain and weather, troops and support available-time available and civil considerations, (METT-TC). Note: During MOPP training, leaders must ensure personnel are monitored for potential heat injury. Local policies and procedures must be followed during times of increased heat category in order to avoid heat related injury. Consider the MOPP work/rest cycles and water replacement guidelines IAW FM 3-11.4, NBC Protection, FM 3-11.5, CBRN Decontamination. Environment: PERFORMANCE STEPS 1. Exercise noise discipline. a. Avoid all unnecessary vehicular and foot movement. b. Secure (with tape [usually 100 MPH Tape] or other materials[ranger bands for example…buy them or make your own from inner tubes]) metal parts (for example, weapon slings, canteen cups, identification [ID] tags) to prevent them from...

Hand and Arm Signals – The Army Way

Being able to communicate silently in the field using Visual Signal is good skill survival skill whether you’re a Soldier or a Prepper.  I was lucky to learn about hand and arm signals, a subset of Visual Signals (also includes light signals, flags, panel systems and the like) at the Fort Benning School For Boys.  In fact, the Army has developed an entire Hand and Arm Signals vocabulary and this hand and arm signal vocabulary is actually pretty intuitive.  This vocabulary is also worth learning to keep in that preparedness library between your ears. Scroll through the gallery below to review a selection of U.S. Army Hand and Arm Signals that I’ve gathered for the Prepper crowd from the September 1987 edition of the Army’s FM 21-60 Visual Signals.  This manual has been “Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.” This slideshow requires JavaScript. I hope that you’ll find some of these Hand and Arm Signals useful and don’t forget to practice with your preparedness group or family because while most of these signals are pretty intuitive… to most people…not all are of the signals are intuitive…and neither are all people. Check out  FM 21-60 Visual Signals if you need additional signals for maritime operation or mounted operations.. there’s even an entire vocabulary for tracked vehicle operations..  FM 21-60 does a good job covering one of the five tactical communications methods.  Just as an aside, the other methods of tactical communications can be useful to the preparedness community as well.  They include: Wire, Sound, Radio & Messenger. FacebookPinterestGoogleRedditTwitterTumblrEmailPrintPocketMoreLinkedInLike this:Like...

First Aid To Clear Object Stuck In Throat – The Army Way

The Army does a good job of breaking down complex procedures into digestible tasks but the Army doesn’t always call things by the same name as civilians…civilians would call this the Heimlich Maneuver but the Army calls it First Aid To Clear Object Stuck In Throat.  Links have been added to facilitate further reading or research. Task Number: 081-COM-1003 Task Title: Perform First Aid to Clear an Object Stuck in the Throat of a Conscious Casualty Task Type: Individual Proponent: Task Data Conditions: You see a conscious casualty who is having difficulty breathing because something is stuck in his throat. This iteration should NOT be performed in MOPP. Standards: Clear the object from the casualty’s throat by giving abdominal or chest thrusts until the casualty can talk and breathe normally, you are relieved by a qualified person, or the casualty becomes unconscious requiring mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Safety Notes: In a training environment, leaders must perform a risk assessment in accordance with FM 5-19, Composite Risk Management. Leaders will complete a DA Form 7566 COMPOSITE RISK MANAGEMENT WORKSHEET during the planning and completion of each task and sub-task by assessing mission, enemy, terrain and weather, troops and support available-time available and civil considerations, (METT-TC). Note: During MOPP training, leaders must ensure personnel are monitored for potential heat injury. Local policies and procedures must be followed during times of increased heat category in order to avoid heat related injury. Consider the MOPP work/rest cycles and water replacement guidelines IAW FM 3-11.4, NBC Protection, FM 3-11.5, CBRN Decontamination. Environment: Environmental protection is not just the law but the right thing to do. It is a continual process and starts with deliberate planning. Always be alert to ways to protect our environment during training and missions. In doing so, you will contribute to the sustainment of our training resources while protecting people and the...

Post Apocalyptic Hygiene Supplies

As we discussed in our recent article, Post Apocalyptic Self Care hygiene is important to health and never more important than during times of great stress, after a disaster or while living in an austere environment.  If you don’t take actions now to stockpile necessary post apocalyptic hygiene supplies you might not have the necessary supplies even after a minor disaster. Today’s article and list is based on hand has been expanded from the list suggested by Army Techniques Publication No. 4-25-12 (ATP 4-25-12) Unit Field Sanitation Teams, April 2014 edition.  ATP 4-25-12 has been ‘Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.’  Links are provided for additional reading on selected item categories or links to facilitate improving your own post apocalyptic hygiene supplies but I suggest that you stock what you use. Personal Post Apocalyptic Hygiene & Sanitation Today it’s easy to practice good hygiene and sanitation, in fact it’s socially unacceptable to make any other choice but after a disaster when there aren’t any store shelves stocked with soaps, shampoos, toothpaste and cleansers.  You now have cheap and reliable energy to heat your bathwater, run your vacuum and even run a toothbrush with rotating bristles.  You likely even have potable water running under pressure to multiple rooms in your home.  Potable water is so cheap that you also probably use it to flush away your bodily waste.  There’s probably even a truck that shows up once a week to haul off your trash. The question is…would you have the supplies and discipline to maintain a commensurate level of hygiene and sanitation without all these modern conveniences?  Each Prepper should understand the risks he or she runs for him or herself and their community if they fail to maintain high standards of personal hygiene and sanitation.  It’s no coincidence that diseases like cholera break out following battles as well as natural and humanitarian...

Army Guide To Deployment Health

Andrew’s Note:  Today we offer some great information on maintaining health in austere environments taken directly from GTA 08-05-062 Army Guide to Deployment Health, Health Threat Information and Countermeasure, Distribution Unlimited.  You can access this same information in it’s original form by clicking the link above.  The note on it’s cover declares “Anyone who participates in any type of military operation should keep and refer to this pamphlet”… the same goes for Prepper operations and most of the information presented here is applicable to post disaster or breakdown situations.  I’ve added links for reference to the military gear, civilian equivalents (or the civilian stuff we use) and links to U.S. Army info sources if you want to explore a subject in more depth.  Note that most of the disease links are actually info sheet download links from U.S. Army sites. Army Guide To Deployment Health Preparing To Deploy Pre-Deployment Medical Requirements and Screenings: Ensure possession of medical warning tags, eyeglasses, mask inserts, and hearing protection. Obtain a 180-day supply of prescription and other medications or enough for the duration of deployment, whichever is less (amount required may vary – confirm individual requirements with a health care provider, medical authority or Operations Orders (OPORD)). Receive all directed immunizations; initiate malaria chemoprophylaxis as directed. Complete all necessary forms, including DD Form 2795 and annual Periodic Health Assessment (PHA). Schedule initial visits and follow-up appointments with necessary medical personnel. Active Component personnel should complete a Pre-Deployment Medical Health Assessment (DD Form 2795) if required. Refer to DA Form 7425, AR 40-501, MOD 10 to CENTCOM, the Department of the Army Personnel Policy Guidance, and http://www.benning.army.mil/infantry/197th/CRC/ for more complete information. Clothing/Gear/Personal Hygiene items: Ensure uniforms, chemical protective clothing, protective masks (with lenses as needed) and other gear are in good condition and fit properly. Practice putting on/removing clothing, masks, and gear. Ensure clothing items...

Health Threats In Austere Environments

Like soldiers in the field, Preppers living in austere environments are vulnerable a myriad of health risks.  This introduction discusses the health threats in austere environments and introduces the concept of preventive health measures.  We will periodically add to this introduction with additional articles that go more in depth.  Make sure to use the subscribe tool on the top right of this page so you don’t miss any of our articles. Health Threats in Austere Environments While military servicemen and women can expect significant financial backing, a robust support system, an international resupply network and the chance to return to civilization periodically to rest and recover, the Prepper potentially faces the risks but without the logistical support…be careful. We know from historical accounts of wars, natural and man-made disasters that the majority of casualties within the war or disaster zone are not the results of combat or the precipitating event, but rather the result of diseases and environmental injuries. The physical, mental and environmental stresses of post disaster and survival situations present significant challenges to the Prepper both in the planning and in the execution phase.  The Prepper and Prepper Group must plan for and maintain basic hygiene in order to remain healthy and survive to a ripe old age. Prepper Health Threats Include Endemic diseases Food and waterborne pathogens Hazardous plants and animals Entomological hazards Toxins and industrial waste Mental stress Hazardous and damaging noise Climatic or environmental hazards Preventive Health Measures Preventive health measures are simple, common sense actions that every Prepper can perform in order to keep him or herself and his or her companions and community healthy. Maintaining personal hygiene as well as a hygienic homestead, bug out location or bivouac site using preventive health measures will significantly reduce the likelihood of and/or spread of disease or the occurrence of environmental injuries.  If you are...

M16 Maintenance Infographic Comic

Long before the term Infographic came into widespread use the military learned the value of using images to teach skills to young recruits.  Many of these manuals, like this M16 Maintenance Infographic (The M16A1 Rifle, Operation & Preventive Maintenance DA Pam 750-30) were written as comic books complete with well endowed women and full on innuendo.  Click on the image below to page through the comic/manual.  This particular example of Military Pedagogy was published in 1969, long before the military became more preoccupied with political correctness than warfighting but it does have some good information even if a few of the tools described are a little dated.  Additionally, check out the list below the graphics for a selection of current AR maintenance tools and supplies… some haven’t changed a lot…some are huge improvements over what we had 45 years ago. This slideshow requires JavaScript. GI Cleaning Kit: Better Cleaning Kit: This is the one I carried in Iraq… Good Carrying Case: Armored Carrying Case: Slings: Front Sight Tool: Rails & Rail Covers: Armorer’s Tools: Old School GI Magazine Pouch: AR15/M16 Speedloader Kit: Cleaning Supplies: AR Magazine:  Ammunition Suppliers: Brownells Luckygunner FacebookPinterestGoogleRedditTwitterTumblrEmailPrintPocketMoreLinkedInLike this:Like...

Challenge & Password For Preppers

Here on Prepography we regularly learn to be better Preppers by adapting military skills to preparedness uses… or as we refer to it, Military Pedagogy.  Today we’re adapting the Skill Level 1 Army Task of ‘Challenge & Password’ to the needs of the prepper. Scenario:  About six weeks ago it finally happened, the currency collapsed and since then the security situation has rapidly deteriorated. Over the weeks since the precipitating event crime has begun to run rampant as people grow more and more desperate to fill their and their family’s bellies. At some point the majority of the police officers realized that their entire paycheck couldn’t even buy their family a single loaf of bread and every minute they spent protecting your family was one that put their own family at risk. Now the few police that are reporting for duty can’t adequately keep the security situation from spiraling out of control. You’ve been up the last 20 hours warning strangers away from your home and watching for a couple of friends you’re expecting to come shelter with you and your family. You sure hope they arrive soon because you’re not sure you can stay awake much longer and the moon will soon set… dropping the neighborhood into total darkness now that the power’s out. Finally, you see the outline of three people headed directly for your home…your friends must have picked up another on the way. It sure looks like Jim and Carol walking in and all you need to do to confirm it is hear their voice so you call out. “Who’s there?” and receive the expected reply “It’s me.” With great relief you step out from your hide and walk up to meet three people that you suddenly realize are strangers as they grab you and take away your rifle. Challenge & Password is a technique...

Simple Sabotage – OSS Field Manual #3 Part 5

Today we present the fifth and final installment of our serial publication of OSS Field Manual #3 covering “Simple Sabotage.”  This sabotage manual was issued by the predecessor of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the Office of Strategic services or OSS on 17 January 1944 and presents OSS doctrine for encouraging acts of Simple Sabotage by soldiers and civilians within the Axis controlled territories.  Specific Suggestions for Simple Sabotage isn’t just a peek into the past to look at the war effort but also a peek at what the workplace was like in mid-century Europe.  Drop me a line and let me know what you think about Simple Sabotage and if you’d like to see more ‘obsolete’ military manual excerpts. Remember that acting on any of the techniques presented here would not be good for your job security.  This information is presented for historical and entertainment purposes only. 5. SPECIFIC SUGGESTIONS FOR SIMPLE SABOTAGE a. It will not be possible to evaluate the desirability of simple sabotage in an area without having in mind rather specifically what individual acts and results are embraced by the definition of simple sabotage. b. A listing of specific acts follows, classified according to types of target. This list is presented as a growing rather than a complete outline of the methods of simple sabotage. As new techniques are developed, or new fields explored, it will be elaborated and expanded. (1) Buildings Warehouses, barracks, offices, hotels, and factory buildings are outstanding targets for simple sabotage. They are extremely susceptible to damage, especially by fire; they offer opportunities to such untrained people are janitors, charwomen, and casual visitors; and, when damaged, they present a relatively large handicap to the enemy. (a) Fires can be started wherever there is an accumulation of inflammable material. Warehouses are obviously the most promising targets but incendiary sabotage need not be confined to them alone....

Simple Sabotage – OSS Field Manual #3 Part 4

Today we present the fourth installment of our serial publication of OSS Field Manual #3 covering “Simple Sabotage.”  This sabotage manual was issued by the predecessor of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the Office of Strategic services or OSS on 17 January 1944 and presents OSS doctrine for encouraging acts of Simple Sabotage by soldiers and civilians within the Axis controlled territories.  Today we pick up where the Motivating The Sabateur left off and discuss the Tools, Targets and Timing of Simple Sabotage. As we noted yesterday, acting on any of the techniques presented here would not be good for your job security if employed today.  This information is presented for historical and entertainment purposes only. 4. TOOLS, TARGETS, AND TIMING a. The citizen-saboteur cannot be closely controlled. Nor is it reasonable to expect that simple sabotage can be precisely concentrated on specific types of target according to the requirements of a concrete military situation. Attempts to control simple sabotage according to developing military factors, moreover, might provide the enemy with intelligence of more or less value in anticipating the date and area of notably intensified or notably slackened military activity. b. Sabotage suggestions, of course, should be adapted to fit the area where they are to be practiced. Target priorities for general types of situations likewise can be specified, for emphasis at the proper time by the underground press, freedom stations, and cooperating propaganda. (1) Under General Conditions (a) Simple sabotage is more than malicious mischief, and it should always consist of acts whose results will be detrimental to the materials and manpower of the enemy. (b) The saboteur should be ingenious in using his every-day equipment. All sorts of weapons will present themselves if he looks at his surroundings in a different light. For example, emery dust—a powerful weapon—may at first seem unobtainable, but if the saboteur were to pulverize...

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