Endless Sun Solar

Category: War

War and Civil War


Feast Of Stephen – Quote

So, on this Feast of Stephen, spare a thought not only for the leftovers in the fridge, but for the driven, kidnapped, enslaved, raped, tortured and murdered Christians our sloth and scorn have left to a hell on earth. LTC Ralph Peters via The feast of Stephen: Middle East’s persecuted Christians need our help If you only read one article this week… read Colonel Peter’s piece on the state of Christianity in the Middle East.  If you aren’t familiar with Peters he’s an enlisted soldier turned Military Intelligence officer who left the Army in order be able to write candidly about it.  I was introduced to Peters as a young Captain by one of my military mentors. FacebookPinterestGoogleRedditTwitterTumblrEmailPrintPocketMoreLinkedInLike this:Like...

19th Century Rules – Today’s Quote

You just don’t in the 21st century behave in 19th century fashion by invading another country on completely trumped up pre-text, It is serious in terms of sort of the modern manner with which nations are going to resolve problems… President Obama wants to emphasize to the Russians that there are a right set of choices that can still be made to address any concerns they have about Crimea, about their citizens, but you don’t choose to invade a country in order to do that. Secretary of State and Vietnam War Protester John Kerry via Kerry Complains… Andrew’s Note:  Watch out Putin…there may be a harshly worded letter in your future but the good news is that your 19th century aggression could only be countered by an early 20th century (size) force once we reduce our manpower to pre-WWII levels. FacebookPinterestGoogleRedditTwitterTumblrEmailPrintPocketMoreLinkedInLike this:Like...

Powell On War – Today’s Quote

War should be the politics of last resort. And when we go to war, we should have a purpose that our people understand and support. Former Secretary of State, National Security Adviser and General (RET) Colin Powell   FacebookPinterestGoogleRedditTwitterTumblrEmailPrintPocketMoreLinkedInLike this:Like...

Two Cases of Just War – Today’s Quote

There are only two cases in which war is just: first, in order to resist the aggression of an enemy, and second, in order to help an ally who has been attacked. Charles de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu FacebookPinterestGoogleRedditTwitterTumblrEmailPrintPocketMoreLinkedInLike this:Like...

Radiological Hazards

Andrew’s Note:  Today we return to the MULTI-SERVICE DOCTRINE FOR CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL, RADIOLOGICAL, AND NUCLEAR OPERATIONS , FM 3-11, MCWP 3-37.1, NWP 3-11, AFTTP 3-2.42 dated July 2011, Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.  Today’s entry is the third entry in this series.  In the first article in this series we discussed  Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) Incidents and Hazards, in the second entry we went more in depth on Chemical Hazards then we discussed Biological Hazards.  In today’s finale to this series we look in more depth on Radiological Hazards including Nuclear Hazards. RADIOLOGICAL HAZARDS 1-36. Radiological hazards are an emerging threat to U.S. military operations. These hazards can arise from many sources other than nuclear weapons and can be dispersed in a variety of ways. 1-37. Radiological hazards include any electromagnetic or particulate radiation that is capable of producing ions to cause damage, injury, or destruction.  Radiological material causes physiological damage through the ionizing effects of neutron, gamma, beta, or alpha radiation. These types of radiation are referred to as ionizing radiation. Radiological materials can be found in a number of military and civilian environments (nuclear power plants, hospitals, universities, construction sites). [Andrew’s Note:  …or a truck] Note. For the purpose of this publication, the term radiation denotes ionizing radiation unless otherwise stated. 1-38. Radiological hazards also include toxic industrial radiologicals (radiological material that is manufactured, used, transported, or stored for industrial, medical, or commercial processes). Possible sources of toxic industrial radiologicals that are capable of producing radioactive hazards are civil nuclear production, research, recycling, and storage facilities; nuclear waste containment sites; industrial and medical nuclear sources; nuclear materials and sources in transit; stolen or smuggled nuclear weapons grade material; medical and fossil fuel manufacturing and waste processing plants; and other industrial sources. 1-39. Adversaries could disperse radioactive material in a number of ways, such as arming the warhead of a missile with radioactive material from a nuclear reactor, releasing low-level...

Biological Hazards

Andrew’s Note:  Today we return to the MULTI-SERVICE DOCTRINE FOR CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL, RADIOLOGICAL, AND NUCLEAR OPERATIONS , FM 3-11, MCWP 3-37.1, NWP 3-11, AFTTP 3-2.42 dated July 2011, Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.  Today’s entry is the third entry in this series.  In the first article in this series we discussed  Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) Incidents and Hazards, in the second entry we went more in depth on Chemical Hazards.  Today’s extract goes into more depth on Biological Hazards and we’ll discuss Radiological Hazards in the next installment. BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS 1-30. Biological hazards pose unique challenges because they are relatively easy to produce and difficult to detect; their production facilities have no unique signature. A biological hazard is an organism or substance derived from an organism that poses a threat to human or animal health. This can include medical waste or samples of a microorganism, virus, or toxin (from a biological source) that can impact human health. Biological Weapons 1-31. A biological weapon projects, disperses, or disseminates a biological agent, including arthropod vectors.  Militarily significant characteristics for biological aspects of operations in CBRN environments include a normally vulnerable target population, infectious or toxic agents with highly lethal or incapacitating properties, agent availability or adaptability for scaled-up production, agent stability, and agent suitability for aerosol dispersion. Limiting factors include biological properties (particularly rapid decay), environmental factors, and dissemination methods. Biological Agents 1-32. A biological agent is a microorganism that causes disease in people, plants, or animals or causes the deterioration of materiel. Biological agents are microorganisms that are capable of spreading disease through humans and agriculture. They are categorized as: Pathogens. Pathogens are disease-producing microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, rickettsia) that directly attack human, plant, or animal tissue and biological processes. Toxins. Toxins are poisonous substances that are produced naturally (bacteria, plants, fungi, snakes, insects, and other living organisms), but may also be produced synthetically. Naturally occurring toxins are nonliving byproducts of...

Chemical Hazards

Andrew’s Note:  Today we return to the MULTI-SERVICE DOCTRINE FOR CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL, RADIOLOGICAL, AND NUCLEAR OPERATIONS , FM 3-11, MCWP 3-37.1, NWP 3-11, AFTTP 3-2.42 dated July 2011, Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.  Today’s entry is the second entry in this series.  In the first article in this series we discussed  (Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) Incidents and Hazards.  Today’s extract goes into more depth on Chemical Hazards and we’ll discuss Biological Hazards in the next installment. CHEMICAL HAZARDS 1-24. Historically, chemical hazards of military concern were limited to a small group of uniquely manufactured chemical weapons referred to as chemical warfare agents.  However, the types of chemical hazards of concern to the military have expanded tremendously over the last decade and now include a large number of toxic industrial chemicals.  Chemical hazards are any chemicals (manufactured, used, transported, or stored) that can cause death or other harm through the toxic properties of those materials. This includes chemical weapons (prohibited under the Chemical Weapons Convention), chemical agents, and toxic industrial chemicals. Chemical Weapons 1-25. Together or separately, chemical weapons include: A toxic chemical and its precursors, except when intended for a purpose not prohibited under the  Chemical Weapons Convention. A munition or device, specifically designed to cause death or other harm through the toxic properties of the above chemicals, which would be released as a result of the employment of such munition or device. Any equipment specifically designed for use directly in connection with the employment of munitions or devices specified above.  Chemical Agents 1-26. A chemical agent is a chemical substance that is intended for use in military operations to kill, seriously injure, or incapacitate, mainly through physiological effects. The term excludes riot control agents when used for law enforcement purposes, herbicides, smoke, and flame. Chemical agents are classified according to: Physical state. Agents may exist as a solid, liquid, or vapor. Physiological action. According to their physiological effects, there are...

Chemical Biological Radiological and Nuclear Incidents & Hazards

Andrew’s Note:  For today’s lesson in preparedness we return to our U.S. military manuals, notably the MULTI-SERVICE DOCTRINE FOR CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL, RADIOLOGICAL, AND NUCLEAR OPERATIONS , FM 3-11, MCWP 3-37.1, NWP 3-11, AFTTP 3-2.42 dated July 2011, Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.  Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear is abbreviated as CBRN.  Today we introduce the types of incidents and the introduce the hazards.  Check back later this week as we go into more detail on those hazards. INCIDENTS 1-19. A CBRN incident is any occurrence involving the emergence of CBRN hazards resulting from the use of CBRN weapons or devices, the emergence of secondary hazards arising from counterforce targeting,  or the release of toxic industrial material into the environment. A CBRN incident is characterized on the basis of the intent, opportunity, and capability of the occurrence. There are three basic reasons why a CBRN incident happens, regardless of the type and nature: Intentional. An intentional CBRN incident may include: Criminal acts such as the deliberate dumping or release of hazmat to avoid regulatory requirements. Malicious acts such as the poisoning of one or more individuals. Terrorist acts that involve serious violence to persons or property for a political, religious, or ideological purpose and/or that are a matter of national interest. Accidental. An accidental CBRN incident is an event caused by human error or natural or technological reasons.  Accidental incidents are usually referred to as hazmat accidents and may include: Spills. Releases. Leakages. Natural. A natural CBRN incident is a second- or third-order effect from a natural disaster.  Examples include: Toxic chemical release. Biological waste. 1-20. Intent is the distinguishing difference between the three reasons that CBRN incidents happen. To ensure proper assessment when filtering through the information pertaining to an incident, it is important to know the intent category. Note. A CBRN weapon is a fully engineered assembly that is designed for employment to cause the release...

Unilateral Nuclear Disarmament?

Our nuclear deterrent and those of our closest allies appear to be under attack by our own Executive Branch of Government again…but this time we’re flirting with unilateral nuclear disarmament… First it was accusations in 2011 that President Obama had sold out our British cousins’ nuclear secrets to the Russians…I’m not sure of the truth of these allegations but the British sure seem convinced. Then in early 2012 the President was caught on camera and microphone privately promising Russian President Medvedev thathe would “…have more flexibility” after his “last election” to kill or curtail the planned ballistic missile defense shield over Europe…a defensive shield for the Europeans that Putin, Medvedev and the Russian government strongly oppose. Then in February 2013 we appointed Chuck Hagel as our Secretary of Defense even though he had previously served as a director of Ploughshares Inc. whose mission included encouraging “concrete steps to limit and reduce current [nuclear] arsenals.”  The naiveté of former and future government officials expecting rogue states and non-state actors to buy into their dream of a nuclear weapon free war and their willingness to abandon our nuclear deterrent is simply stupefying. A reader asked me recently about the number of U.S. flag (generals & admirals) that have been forced out of the service lately and I brushed off the insinuation that there was something unusual going on…but in retrospect, several of those flag officers coincidentally served at one level or another in our nuclear deterrent including Strategic Command’s Deputy Commander Vice Admiral Tim Giardina and Major General Michael Carey who was in command of the 20th Air Force / Task Force 214 and it’s 450 intercontinental ballistic missiles. Now it appears that our Commander in Chief is considering unilaterally decreasing the number of weapons in our nuclear deterrent and going beyond the START obligations by destroying additional infrastructure. It’s all well and good to wish for a nuclear...

War Drums – Today’s Quote

We have made it crystal clear – in all possible forums, that Israel will not stand by and watch Iran develop weaponry that will put us, the entire Middle East and eventually the world, under an Iranian umbrella of terror. Israeli Deputy Defense Minister & KM Danny Danon via USA TODAY FacebookPinterestGoogleRedditTwitterTumblrEmailPrintPocketMoreLinkedInLike this:Like...

« Older Entries

%d bloggers like this: