I need you in the game… With officers laid off and furloughed, simply calling 911 and waiting is no longer your best option… You can beg for mercy from a violent criminal, hide under the bed, or you can fight back. … Consider taking a certified safety course in handling a firearm so you can defend yourself until we get there.
Milwaukee County Sheriff David Clarke Jr. via Wisconsin sheriff urges residents to arm themselves | Fox News.
In Building a Bug Out Bag Part I we discussed why building a Bug Out Bag is important and what type of bag to select. In Part II we discussed the Transportation Items to consider, in Part III it was Water preparedness, in Part IV it was Food preparedness, in Part V we tackled Shelter, Clothing and Protection from the elements, in Part VI we considered Communications options, in Part VII we discussed Security Preparedness and in Part VIII we explored Financial & Identity preparedness for your Bug Out Bag. Today we’ll discuss Personal Health, Fitness and Medical preparedness and Bug Out Bag elements to consider. Remember, this is your last ditch, carry on your back, walk away from trouble Bug Out Bag…not what you hope you can get to your bug out location if your car, SUV, or Ford Falcon Coupe/Interceptor makes it.
Andrew’s Note: Today we present the final article in this week’s series on Wound Care from our Military Pedagogy series. These discussions, are from U.S. Army Subcourse MD0576, Wound Care [Approved For Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited]. Today’s article discusses Wound Care for Specific Types of Wounds. It’s important to note that military first aid and field medicine focuses almost entirely on stabilizing patients and moving them rapidly to the rear for further treatment. Needless to say, seek professional medical care immediately in the event of illness or injury and take action yourself only if you have been properly trained.
(1) Description. Friction or scraping causes an abraded wound or an abrasion. This type of wound is superficial. The outer layers of skin or mucous membrane have been damaged or scraped off. A person falling on his knees on a sidewalk will suffer an abrasion.
(2) Treatment. Treat as follows:
(a) Irrigate the wound as previously stated.
(b) Apply antibiotic ointment such as bacitracin.
(c) Cover the wound with a dry, sterile dressing.
(1) Description. A contusion or contused wound occurs as a result of a blow from a blunt instrument, such as a hammer. There is no break in the skin.
(2) Treatment. First apply cold compresses for 12 hours. Pad the affected area and wrap an ace bandage around the area snugly. If the area is on an arm or leg, elevate the arm or leg. Use R.I.C.E.–Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation.
Andrew’s Note: Today we present the first of a new set of lessons from our Military Pedagogy series. These discussions, are from U.S. Army Subcourse MD0576, Wound Care [Approved For Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited]. Today’s article expands our previous wound discussions and extends our discuss General Wound Care. It’s important to note that military first aid and field medicine focuses almost entirely on stabilizing patients and moving them rapidly to the rear for further treatment. Needless to say, seek professional medical care immediately in the event of illness or injury and take action yourself only if you have been properly trained.
Initially, control the bleeding from the wound. Nature usually stops bleeding. For example, a person cuts his finger. Blood will gush from the lacerated blood vessels. These vessels constrict which tends to lessen the bleeding. The clotting process also stops bleeding. When blood escapes from an artery or vein, the blood undergoes changes which cause it to clot. The blood clot seals off the injured blood vessels, and bleeding stops. If the wound is large or clotting does not occur, apply direct pressure over the wound to stop bleeding. Use sterile pads if possible, but if they are not available, use a handkerchief, clean cloth, or even a bare hand as a last resort. Then, check the entire body for injuries. Continue reading
Andrew’s Note: Today we present the another article in our Military Pedagogy series drawn from U.S. Army Subcourse MD0576, Wound Care [Approved For Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited]. Today’s article builds on our previous discussions of Wound Terminology and Wound Healing and Complications by discussing Physiological Responses to Injury. As we’ve previously discussed, military first aid and field medicine focuses almost entirely on stabilizing patients and moving them rapidly to the rear for further treatment. Needless to say, seek professional medical care immediately in the event of illness or injury and take action yourself only if you have been properly trained. This series focusing on first aid will run through the weekend and we’ll start Monday with a guest author who’s written an article I’m really excited about.
Once the skin and tissue have been injured, the process of healing begins. Many factors influence the body’s ability to grow new tissue.
Age. Very young and very old people heal more slowly than those in other age groups. People in these age groups have less ability to fight infection, and fighting infection is a major part of the healing process. The endocrine functions in infants are sluggish, and infants have limited reserves of fat, glycogen, and extracellular water–all which are necessary to fight infection. Healing is slower in the elderly because cardiovascular, renal, pulmonary, and musculoskeletal functions may be slowed down by chronic disease or perhaps just by the wearing out of body parts. Continue reading
Andrew’s Note: Today we present the another article in our Military Pedagogy series drawn from U.S. Army Subcourse MD0576, Wound Care [Approved For Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited]. Today’s article builds on yesterday’s article on Wound Terminology by discussing Wound Healing and Complications. It’s important to note that military first aid and field medicine focuses almost entirely on stabilizing patients and moving them rapidly to the rear for further treatment. Needless to say, seek professional medical care immediately in the event of illness or injury and take action yourself only if you have been properly trained. This series focusing on first aid will run through the weekend and we’ll start Monday with a guest author who’s written an article I’m really excited about.
Wound healing is a complicated process. A wound is a break in the continuity of tissue. The body must have a special procedure to take care of the skin injury and dead tissue. The injured area must be able to signal distress, and there must be some way to get rid of the dead cells and replace them with new cells. The process of wound healing is a way of restoring living tissue so that the entire body is covered with skin.
(1) The body’s first response to cell damage is inflammation. The reaction is similar regardless of the cause–cut, burn, bruise, or pinch. The injury starts a reaction which may be the release from the dead or injured cells of one of their substances such as histamine. The released substances affect the capillaries. The capillaries dilate, widely increasing the blood supply that they can bring to the injured area. If the injury takes place in the skin or in the tissue close to the skin, the increased amount of blood in that area causes the area to look red. Because the injured area has a greater blood supply than the surrounding area, the wound site is warm to the touch. Continue reading
Andrew’s Note: Today we present the first of a new set of lessons from our Military Pedagogy series. These discussions, are from U.S. Army Subcourse MD0576, Wound Care [Approved For Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited]. Today’s article lays the foundation by explaining Wound Terminology. It’s important to note that military first aid and field medicine focuses almost entirely on stabilizing patients and moving them rapidly to the rear for further treatment. Needless to say, seek professional medical care immediately in the event of illness or injury and take action yourself only if you have been properly trained.
A wound is a break in the continuity of the skin, the break caused by violence or trauma to the tissue. A wound may be open or closed. In a closed wound or bruise, the soft tissue below the skin surface is damaged, but there is no break in the skin. In an open wound, the surface of the skin is broken. Here are some terms referring to wounds that you should become familiar with.
(1) Abrasion. In this type of wound, the outer layers of skin or mucous membrane are rubbed or scraped off (figure 1-1).
(2) Incised. This type of wound is cut smooth and straight. The rate of bleeding varies and there is minimal contamination. A surgeon makes this type of wound (incision).
(3) Laceration. This wound is a torn, jagged cut which has gone through the skin tissues and blood vessels (figure 1-2). The wound can be made by blunt instruments such as shell fragments. Lacerations are usually very dirty.
(4) Puncture. A puncture wound (figure 1-3) is made by a sharp object such as a splinter, knife, nail, or some other pointed object. These wounds bleed very little although the object may pass through nerves, bones, and organs, causing internal damage. Puncture wounds are usually very dirty.
(5) Perforating. A perforating wound is one in which there is an entrance and/or an exit. Such a wound might be made by a bullet.
(6) Mutilating. This is the term for wounds which result in disfigurement or loss of a body part.
(7) Contusion. This wound is caused by a blunt object. The damage is done to underlying tissues or organs, and the wound is closed with no broken skin (figure 1-4).
Andrew’s Note: Subscribe or check back as we expand this discussion to Wound Care, Physiological Wound Responses, as well as General and Specific Wound Treatment. First Aid is an important component of the Personal Health Preparedness Function.
Andrew’s Note: Today we present another lesson from our Military Pedagogy series. This discussion, from FM 21-76, the U.S. Army Survival Manual [Approved For Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited] is on the Medical Aspects of Cold Weather Survival.
When you are healthy, your inner core temperature (torso temperature) remains almost constant at 37 degrees C (98.6 degrees F). Since your limbs and head have less protective body tissue than your torso, their temperatures vary and may not reach core temperature. Your body has a control system that lets it react to temperature extremes to maintain a temperature balance. There are three main factors that affect this temperature balance– heat production, heat loss, and evaporation. The difference between the body’s core temperature and the environment’s temperature governs the heat production rate. Your body can get rid of heat better than it can produce it. Sweating helps to control the heat balance. Maximum sweating will get rid of heat about as fast as maximum exertion produces it.
Shivering causes the body to produce heat. It also causes fatigue that, in turn, leads to a drop in body temperature. Air movement around your body affects heat loss. It has been calculated that a naked man exposed to still air at or about 0 degrees C can maintain a heat balance if he shivers as hard as he can. However, he can’t shiver forever.
It has also been calculated that a man at rest wearing the maximum arctic clothing in a cold environment can keep his internal heat balance during temperatures well below freezing. To withstand really cold conditions for any length of time, however, he will have to become active or shiver.
The best way to deal with injuries and sicknesses is to take measures to prevent them from happening in the first place. Treat any injury or sickness that occurs as soon as possible to prevent it from worsening.
The knowledge of signs and symptoms and the use of the buddy system are critical in maintaining health. Following are cold injuries that can occur. Continue reading
Andrew’s Note: Today we present another lesson from our Military Pedagogy series. This discussion, from FM 21-76, the U.S. Army Survival Manual [Approved For Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited] is on identifying and treating (in the absence of available licensed medical care) Spider Bites and Scorpion Stings.
The black widow spider is identified by a red hourglass on its abdomen. Only the female bites, and it has a neurotoxic venom. The initial pain is not severe, but severe local pain rapidly develops. The pain gradually spreads over the entire body and settles in the abdomen and legs. Abdominal cramps and progressive nausea, vomiting, and a rash may occur. Weakness, tremors, sweating, and salivation may occur. Anaphylactic reactions can occur. Symptoms begin to regress after several hours and are usually gone in a few days. Threat for shock. Be ready to perform CPR. Clean and dress the bite area to reduce the risk of infection. An antivenom is available.
The funnelweb spider is a large brown or gray spider found in Australia. The symptoms and the treatment for its bite are as for the black widow spider.
…what I’m trying to do is to get a broader conversation about how do we reduce the violence generally. Part of it is seeing if we can get an assault weapons ban reintroduced, but part of it is also looking at other sources of the violence, because frankly, in my hometown of Chicago, there’s an awful lot of violence, and they’re not using AK-47s, they’re using cheap handguns.
President Barack Obama
Andrew’s Note: Let me get this straight…there’s a lot of gun violence in the city with the most restrictive gun laws in the state with the most restrictive gun laws in the nation….not much gun violence around my neighborhood…maybe that’s because the criminals aren’t the only ones armed. Take special note of items 3, 4 & 6 on the Top 10 Items to Buy Before the Election.
What’s the proper response when someone tells you “I don’t believe in guns?” You know you should just walk away and not (verbally) engage…but why not have a little fun… maybe you’re bored… some times it’s just fun to poke the bear. I used to ask the person if he or she “believed in hammers and screwdrivers” but usually just got a blank stare. It’ no fun if you have to explain “they’re all tools, lady.”
The past year or so I’ve switched my response…when someone goes out to their way to tell me “I don’t believe in guns” my response is “that’s O.K., guns don’t believe in you either.” and then I walk away. It’s just a waste of everyone’s time to try to educate an unwilling student.
Maybe someday my enigmatic response will prompt the recipient to request additional information. If so I think I’ll lead with: “When seconds count the police are only minutes away.” I’ll follow that up with an eloquent version of “God made man but Samuel Colt made all men equal” tailored to my listener.
If I can tell that I haven’t yet won over my audience I’ll try this empathetic approach with a poignant ending…”it’d be nice if we could all just get along… but as long as criminals can veto your peace plan you should learn how to protect yourself and your family. Continue reading
Andrew’s Note: These First Aid suggestions from U.S. Army Field Manual (FM) 21-75 were written for military medicine which focuses on stabilizing the casualty and speeding the casualty to medical professionals in the rear. It’ suggestions likely hold true for times for civilian emergencies where medical care can be reached in a reasonable amount of time.
When giving first aid to a casualty, remember the following:
DO act promptly but calmly.
DO reassure the casualty and gently examine him to determine the needed first aid.
DO give lifesaving measures as required.
DON’T position a soldier on his back if he is unconscious or has a wound on his face or neck.
DON’T remove clothing from an injured soldier by pulling or tearing it off.
DON’T touch or try to clean dirty wounds, including burns. Continue reading
Have you heard the news? The Federal Government wants U.S. citizens, especially youth to learn how to properly and safely fire a rifle. You can even buy your gun from the government.
The Civilian Marksmanship Program (CMP) was chartered by Congress in 1903 specifically for these purposes and “any U.S. citizen who is legally not prohibited from owning a firearm may purchase a military surplus rifle from the CMP.” Continue reading
Yesterday’s video on the Jackson Family’s First Aid Kit elicited a number of questions. Most of the questions were about the Israeli Battle Dressing I mentioned as ‘the best’ battlefield dressing or first aid dressing but it really wasn’t shown in the video (it was inside a First Aid Pouch). I was introduced to Israeli Battle Dressing during pre-deployment first aid training in 2006. I was impressed with the battle dressing’s simplicity, versatility and effectiveness.
The Israeli Battle Dressing or Emergency Dressing can take the place of several items in your first aid kit and is purportedly the most versatile battlefield or first aid dressing in history. It comes in 4 & 6 inch sizes and is designed with a sterile wound field (the primary dressing) backed by a sterile elastic bandage (which becomes the secondary dressing) similar to an old fashioned Ace bandages. On the back side of the sterile wound field is a pressure applicator that allows the dressing to apply up to 30 lbs of direct pressure to the wound once it’s applied. At the end of the long tail is ‘closure bar’ that allows the dressing to secure itself similar. Continue reading
A subscriber asked for my help putting together a first aid kit for her home. First Aid isn’t my forte but we haven’t identified our First Aid, Medical and Trauma Columnist for Prepography yet so this video will have to tide you over. I have had military first aid training at the self and buddy-aid level and that’s the background I used to develop my family’s First Aid Kit. So, here’s a look at the Jackson family’s First Aid Kit…it should give you some ideas towards starting your own. The video can also be viewed directly here.
For close up views of some of the first aid items I’ve stocked my kit with you can check out the Personal Health Section of the Prepography Amazon Store.
Between work, family, church, more work, and life in general, it can be hard to prepare for hard times. Both the desire to be prepared and the (ever increasing) need to be prepared is certainly there, but the pressures of life can make it too easy to “do it tomorrow” or put your prepping strategy on the back-burner. I’m going to tell you how you can do one thing for preparedness and you will soon be well on your way to preparedness and being more self reliant.
A common mistake of many starting preppers is to try to be 100% preparedness right NOW! It’s not possible.. so relax and start simply. When people do a serious assessment of their personal and family readiness, it is easy to become frightened and want to feel safe without any delay.
Prepography is a discipline – a marathon, not a sprint!
Yes, given enough money, you can buy a range of supplies and other goods that will make you feel comfortable or take a bunch of classes to acquire the skills you feel you lack. Given enough time and money, I could be Batman. The key is to make your personal preparedness part of your life – a discipline that seems as natural as walking (which you should be doing as well).
So, instead of going on a mad-dash to stock up for the end of the world, may I suggest doing one thing. Just one little thing. Do this one thing for a week until it’s just part of normal activity. Once it becomes normal, pick another thing that can become part of your normal activities. Each little step you take to develop your personal and family readiness builds on itself. You will be growing your preparedness.
Here are a few things that you can do TODAY: Continue reading
In Part 1 of the Top 10 Tips for Buying Your First Gun (published on Saturday) we discussed, in detail the first five steps I recommended to my brother-in-law and a few buddies the steps to buy their first firearm for home or self defense. I’ll outline those steps (italicized) here and proceed to explain steps six through ten. Please return to Part 1 to read about the first five steps in detail if you missed that article. Also remember that firearms regulations vary tremendously across the U.S. Make sure that you keep it legal.
1. Determine whether you are mentally capable of using lethal force to protect yourself and your loved ones.
2. Decide what type of firearm is right for your situation.
3. Learn the rules of gun safety.
4. Take a class or hire an individual instructor.
5. Decide how to safely store your firearm.
6. Purchase Your Gun: Your options include private purchase, gun shop/dealer, gun show or buying your gun from the government through the Civilian Marksmanship Program (CMP).
Today’s post is in response to a question from my brother-in-law (sister’s husband) who is considering the purchase of his first firearm for self and home defense. I’ve taken my brother-in-law shooting at the farm and he’s a great shot with a rifle… and has demonstrated an understanding of basic firearms safety. Unfortunately, he and my sister live several states away and his firearms experience is primarily limited to structured rifle ranges from summer camps he attended and worked for…so I’m limited to providing him advice instead of stepping through the process with him. Reviewing the advice I provide my brother-in-law may help you develop your own steps to responsible defensive firearms ownership.