Methods of Stalking – Camouflaged Movement

Methods of Stalking – Camouflaged Movement

Andrew’s Note:  Last week we presented an article from FM 21-76, The U.S. Army Survival Manual [Approved For Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited] on Personal Camouflage…today we continue that thought with The Survival Manual’s take on’ Camouflaged Movement’ or Methods of Stalking.  Being able to remain unseen during movement can be a key element to both your security and putting food on your family’s table.
In a survival situation, especially in a hostile environment, you may find it necessary to camouflage yourself, your equipment, and your movement.  It may mean the difference between survival and capture by the enemy.  Camouflage and movement techniques, such as stalking, will also help you get animals or game for food using primitive weapons and skills…


Sometimes you need to move, undetected, to or from a location.  You need more than just camouflage to make these moves successfully.  The ability to stalk or move without making any sudden quick movement or loud noise is essential to avoiding detection.

You must practice stalking if it is to be effective.  Use the following techniques when practicing.

Upright Stalking

Methods of StalkingTake steps about half your normal stride when stalking in the upright position.  Such strides help you to maintain your balance.  You should be able to stop at any point in that movement and hold that position as long as necessary.  Curl the toes up out of the way when stepping down so the outside edge of the ball of the foot touches the ground.  Feel for sticks and twigs that may snap when you place your weight on them. If you start to step on one, lift your foot and move it.  After making contact with the outside edge of the ball of your foot, roll to the inside ball of your foot, place your heel down, followed by your toes.

Then gradually shift your weight forward to the front foot. Lift the back foot to about knee height and start the process over again.

Keep your hands and arms close to your body and avoid waving them about or hitting vegetation.  When moving in a crouch, you gain extra support by placing your hands on your knees. One step usually takes 1 minute to complete, but the time it takes will depend on the situation.


Crawl on your hands and knees when the vegetation is too low to allow you to walk upright without being seen.  Move one limb at a time and be sure to set it down softly, feeling for anything that may snap and make noise. Be careful that your toes and heels do not catch on vegetation.

Prone Stalking

To stalk in the prone position, you do a low, modified push-up on your hands and toes, moving yourself forward slightly, and then lowering yourself again slowly.  Avoid dragging and scraping along the ground as this makes excessive noise and leaves large trails for trackers to follow.

Animal Stalking

Before stalking an animal, select the best route.  If the animal is moving, you will need an intercepting route.  Pick a route that puts objects between you and the animal to conceal your movement from it.  By positioning yourself in this way, you will be able to move faster, until you pass that object. Some objects, such as large rocks and trees, may totally conceal you, and others, such as small bushes and grass, may only partially conceal you.  Pick the route that offers the best concealment and requires the least amount of effort.

Keep your eyes on the animal and stop when it looks your way or turns its ears your way, especially if it suspects your presence. As you get close, squint your eyes slightly to conceal both the light-dark contrast of the whites of the eyes and any shine from your eyes. Keep your mouth closed so that the animal does not see the whiteness or shine of your teeth.

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2 Responses to “Methods of Stalking – Camouflaged Movement”

  1. B-man says:

    Don’t forget that moving steadily alerts the birds! Moving in a non-steady/non-patterned way and pausing to look around can convince birds you are not a predator, thus keeping them from sounding the alarm that many prey animals listen to (read: deer).

    Also, I was told that the Native American scouts walked toe-to-heel rather than heel-to-toe as it gives better control. (Allows you to engage the quads which are stronger muscles than the calves.)

    • Andrew J. Jackson says:

      Toe to heel also forces you to decrease the length of your strides, slows movement and has the part of your foot with the best sensitivity and control making first contact with the ground.

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