Blood Agents – Chemical Warfare Agents

Andrew’s Note:  Today’s discussion on Blood Agents, also known as Cyanogen Agents is from U.S. Army Field Manual FM 4-25.11, First Aid (Approved for Public Release).  If you don’t think there’s any chance you’ll ever encounter a blood agent then think again.  There are a number of commercial and industrial uses for these agents in addition to their use by foreign governments in chemical warfare.  The most frightening use of these agents is by criminal or terrorist groups against an unprepared populace.

Cyanogen agents interfere with proper oxygen utilization in the body.  Hydrogen cyanide (AC) and cyanogen chloride (CK) are the primary agents in this group.

Protective Measures (more…)

Inhalation Burns

Andrew’s Note:  Today we present the final article in our series on Burns, first aid for burns and treatment for burns drawn from U.S. Army Subcourse MD0576, Wound Care [Approved For Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited].  Today’s lesson discussions inhalation  injuries and inhalation burns.   Needless to say, seek professional medical care immediately in the event of illness or injury and take action yourself only if you have been properly trained.  Many of the therapies discussed in this series should only be attempted by a licensed medical professional.

 INHALATION BURNS & INHALATION INJURIES (more…)

Chemical Burns

Andrew’s Note:  Today we present the fourth  in our series on Burns, first aid for burns and treatment for burns drawn from U.S. Army Subcourse MD0576, Wound Care [Approved For Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited].  Today’s lesson discussions chemical injuries and chemical burns.   Needless to say, seek professional medical care immediately in the event of illness or injury and take action yourself only if you have been properly trained.  Many of the therapies discussed in this series should only be attempted by a licensed medical professional.

CHEMICAL BURNS & CHEMICAL INJURIES (more…)

Electrical Burns & Injuries

Andrew’s Note:  Today we present the second article in our series on Burns, first aid for burns and treatment for burns drawn from U.S. Army Subcourse MD0576, Wound Care [Approved For Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited].  Today’s lesson discusses electrical burns and lightning burns.   Needless to say, seek professional medical care immediately in the event of illness or injury and take action yourself only if you have been properly trained.  Many of the therapies discussed in this series should only be attempted by a licensed medical professional.  Additionally, there are some discussions about handling electricity in this article…but that should also be done only by professionals.

ELECTRICAL BURNS (more…)

Severity and Causes of Burns

Andrew’s Note:  Today we present the first in a series on Burns, first aid for burns and treatment for burns drawn from U.S. Army Subcourse MD0576, Wound Care [Approved For Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited].  Today’s lesson discussions the severity and causes of burns.   Needless to say, seek professional medical care immediately in the event of illness or injury and take action yourself only if you have been properly trained.  Many of the therapies discussed in this series should only be attempted by a licensed medical professional.

SEVERITY AND CAUSES OF BURNS

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Food & Water for Cold Weather Operations

Andrew’s Note:  The weather in my neighborhood has reminded me lately that man is at the mercy of nature.  Could you operate in cold weather…would you know to increase your water and caloric intake assure your health?  Today we’re providing a lesson from TC 21-3, the SOLDIER’S HANDBOOK FOR INDIVIDUAL OPERATIONS AND SURVIVAL IN COLD-WEATHER AREAS (Approved For Public Release) on Food & Water for Cold Weather Operations.

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Building a Bug Out Bag – Part IX, Personal Health, Fitness & Medical Preparedness

This entry is part 9 of 11 in the series Building A Full Spectrum Preparedness Bug Out Bag

In Building a Bug Out Bag Part I we discussed why building a Bug Out Bag is important and what type of bag to select.  In Part II we discussed the Transportation Items to consider, in Part III it was Water preparedness, in Part IV it was Food preparedness, in Part V we tackled Shelter, Clothing and Protection from the elements, in Part VI we considered Communications options, in Part VII we discussed Security Preparedness and in Part VIII we explored Financial & Identity preparedness for your Bug Out Bag.  Today we’ll discuss Personal Health, Fitness and Medical preparedness and Bug Out Bag elements to consider.  Remember, this is your last ditch, carry on your back, walk away from trouble Bug Out Bag…not what you hope you can get to your bug out location if your car, SUV, or Ford Falcon Coupe/Interceptor makes it.

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Spider Bites and Scorpion Stings

Andrew’s Note:  Today we present another lesson from our Military Pedagogy series.  This discussion, from FM 21-76, the U.S. Army Survival Manual [Approved For Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited] is on identifying and treating (in the absence of available licensed medical care) Spider Bites and Scorpion Stings.

Black Widow Spider

The black widow spider is identified by a red hourglass on its abdomen.  Only the female bites, and it has a neurotoxic venom.  The initial pain is not severe, but severe local pain rapidly develops.  The pain gradually spreads over the entire body and settles in the abdomen and legs.  Abdominal cramps and progressive nausea, vomiting, and a rash may occur.  Weakness, tremors, sweating, and salivation may occur.  Anaphylactic reactions can occur.  Symptoms begin to regress after several hours and are usually gone in a few days.  Threat for shock.  Be ready to perform CPR.  Clean and dress the bite area to reduce the risk of infection.  An antivenom is available.

Funnelweb Spider

The funnelweb spider is a large brown or gray spider found in Australia.  The symptoms and the treatment for its bite are as for the black widow spider.

Brown Recluse Spider (more…)

Best Emergency Dressing – The Israeli Battle Dressing

Israeli Battle Dressing in PackagingYesterday’s video on the Jackson Family’s First Aid Kit elicited a number of questions.  Most of the questions were about the Israeli Battle Dressing I mentioned as ‘the best’ battlefield dressing or first aid dressing but it really wasn’t shown in the video (it was inside a First Aid Pouch).  I was introduced to Israeli Battle Dressing during pre-deployment first aid training in 2006.  I was impressed with the battle dressing’s simplicity, versatility and effectiveness.

The Israeli Battle Dressing or Emergency Dressing can take the place of several items in your first aid kit and is purportedly the most versatile battlefield or first aid dressing in history.  It comes in 4 & 6 inch sizes and is designed with a sterile wound field (the primary dressing) backed by a sterile elastic bandage (which becomes the secondary dressing) similar to an old fashioned Ace bandages.  On the back side of the sterile wound field is a pressure applicator that allows the dressing to apply up to 30 lbs of direct pressure to the wound once it’s applied.  At the end of the long tail is ‘closure bar’ that allows the dressing to secure itself similar. (more…)

First Aid Kit for the Prepared Home

A subscriber asked for my help putting together a first aid kit for her home. First Aid isn’t my forte but we haven’t identified our First Aid, Medical and Trauma Columnist for Prepography yet so this video will have to tide you over.  I have had military first aid training at the self and buddy-aid level and that’s the background I used to develop my family’s First Aid Kit.  So, here’s a look at the Jackson family’s First Aid Kit…it should give you some ideas towards starting your own.  The video can also be viewed directly here.

For close up views of some of the first aid items I’ve stocked my kit with you can check out the Personal Health Section of the Prepography Amazon Store.

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